Toyota Land Cruiser 100 / Amazon, Lexus LX 470
Since 1997 of release
Repair and car operation
Tojota Lend Kruzer, Amazon, Leksus LX470
- Identification numbers of the car
Acquisition of spare parts
Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
Поддомкрачивание and towage
Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
Automobile химикалии, oils and greasings
Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
+ Controls and receptions of safe operation of the car
+ Options and car routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Gear change box
+ Transmissionnaja line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Поддомкрачивание and towageПоддомкрачивание
For поддомкрачивания it is necessary to park the car on an equal horizontal surface, whenever possible with a firm covering. In the presence of the slightest bias it is necessary will take care of safety measures against recoil: prop up located on a diagonal from subject to removal a wheel противооткатными boots, firmly cock a lay brake and translate the selector lever in position «Р». Try not to depart far from поддомкраченного the car, especially if nearby there are children.
Get a jack under the car. Take care of reliability of gearing of a head of a jack. Rotating the jack handle, lift the car so that the wheel subject to replacement has come off the earth. Having thrown off fixing nuts, remove a wheel and establish on its place spare. Screw wheel nuts, then lower the car on the earth, clean a jack and hold on nuts of fastening of a wheel in a diagonal order with demanded effort. Establish into place a cap. Combine and clean the tool. Do not forget to clean противооткатные boots.
Do not make any repair work under the car fixed in lifted position by means of only one jack! Necessarily use reliable props!
Strictly speaking, the emergency vehicle should be towed with the leading (forward) wheels torn off from the earth (is better in general on a platform эвакуатора). In emergency situations car towage for towing eyes is authorised. If it is necessary to make towage of the car without a separation of forward or back wheels, disconnect corresponding карданный a shaft from assemblage of differential of the bridge, translate the selector lever in neutral position, and the switch of interaxal differential – in position OFF (Otkl.).
If the car is towed with a separation from the earth of back wheels, lobbies should be blocked in rectilinear position by means of the special adaptation, and the ignition key should be turned in position ACC or ON in order to avoid damage of the lock of blocking of a wheel. At a corresponding complete set disconnect naves of free rotation.
Use at towage of an emergency vehicle only towing sling specially intended for this purpose which can be got cheaply practically in any shop of automobile accessories. The sling should cling only for bearing кузовные elements, and in which case not to a bumper.
Do not forget to turn a key in the lock of ignition of the towed car in position ACC or ON, otherwise inevitably there will be a blocking of a steering column. Besides, at the included ignition indexes of turns and stoplights are activated also.
Remember that at the switched off engine efficiency of braking of the car considerably decreases because the vacuum amplifier of brakes ceases to function. Thus it is necessary to squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake with a little big, than usually effort. On the models equipped with the hydraulic booster of a wheel (ГУР), at maneuvering performance большее the effort should be put as well to a steering wheel.
The driver of a towed vehicle should try keep constantly a towing sling in the tense position in order to avoid jerks and arrivals on it wheels.
Before a start of motion drivers of both vehicles (towing and towed) should co-ordinate among themselves a route.
Movement should be carried out only with moderate speeds, on the shortest route and observance ПДД. Avoid sharp braking, accelerations and maneuvering.