Toyota Land Cruiser 100 / Amazon, Lexus LX 470
Since 1997 of release
Repair and car operation
Tojota Lend Kruzer, Amazon, Leksus LX470
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Controls and receptions of safe operation of the car
+ Options and car routine maintenance
+ The engine
- Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
Antifreeze - the general data
Check of serviceability of functioning and thermostat replacement
Condition check, removal and installation of the fan of system of cooling
Removal and installation of a radiator and broad tank of system of cooling
Check of a condition of the water pump
Removal and installation of the water pump
Check of serviceability of functioning and replacement of the block of the gauge of a measuring instrument of temperature of a cooling liquid
Check of serviceability of functioning приводного the electromotor of the fan of a heater and its replacement
Removal and installation of the block and the heater heat exchanger
Removal and installation of assemblage of the control panel by functioning of a heater and air conditioner
Check of serviceability of functioning and service of systems of heating and air conditioning
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Gear change box
+ Transmissionnaja line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Antifreeze – the general data
For refuelling of system of cooling the mix of antifreeze made in due proportions on base этиленгликоля with soft water is usually used. The mix should show stability to freezing at temperatures to – 30°С, and if necessary and more low, depending on a climatic belt of an arrangement of region of operation of the car. Except frost resistance, antifreeze gives mixes anticorrosive properties and raises a point of its boiling.
Опорожнение and washing of system of cooling should be made according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (see the Head of Adjustment and car routine maintenance). Use of a cooling liquid during longer term is fraught with any damages of system, development of corrosion and a scaling. If tap water in region where the car is maintained, is "rigid", i.e. differs the raised maintenance of mineral salts, for formation of a cooling liquid it is necessary to use the distilled or rain water.
Before to add cooling liquid in system, check up reliability of fastening of hoses of last on the unions – antifreeze possesses high fluidity and is capable to give leaks through the slightest thinnesses. During normal operation of the engine the cooling liquid is not spent, therefore appreciable falling of its level is a sign of development of the external leaks which reason should be immediately found out and eliminated.
The exact structure of a cooling liquid is defined by concrete environmental conditions. Thus the antifreeze maintenance in a mix should not be below 50 % and rise above 70 % – address to a card of structure of a cooling liquid which is usually put on a container label. Ареометры for definition of relative density (density) of a cooling liquid it is possible to get practically in any shop of automobile accessories. Try to use only recommended by manufacturers of the car of a grade of antifreeze (Specifications see).