Tojota Lend Kruzer, Amazon, Leksus LX470
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Controls and receptions of safe operation of the car
+ Options and car routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Gear change box
+ Transmissionnaja line
+ Brake system
- Suspension bracket and steering
Removal and installation of forward shock-absorbers
Removal and installation of the forward stabilizer of cross-section stability
Removal and installation of assemblage of a rotary fist from a nave
Check of a condition and replacement of spherical support
Removal and installation торсионных bars
Removal and installation of the top operating lever of a forward suspension bracket
Removal and installation of the bottom operating lever of a forward suspension bracket
Removal and installation of back shock-absorbers
Removal and installation of a bar of the back stabilizer of cross-section stability
Removal and installation of a jet bar
Removal and installation of a screw spring of a back suspension bracket
Removal and installation of levers of a back suspension bracket
Removal and steering wheel installation
Condition check, removal and installation of draughts of a steering drive
Replacement of protective covers of assemblage of the steering mechanism
Removal and installation of the steering mechanism
Removal and installation of the steering pump
Removal of air from a hydraulic path of system of strengthening of a wheel
Wheels and tyres - the general information
Corners of installation of wheels
+ Onboard electric equipment
Corners of installation of wheels
The general information
Corners of installation of wheels of the car
|1. Corners of installation of forward wheels define geometry of position of the last concerning a suspension bracket of the car and a road covering. Infringement of adjustment of this geometry conducts to decrease in controllability of the car and increase of speed of deterioration of tyres. Into number of corners of installation of forward wheels of the car subject to the control enter disorder, выбег (a corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel) and convergence (address to an illustration above).
2. Adjustment of geometry of a forward suspension bracket demands application of the special expensive both bulky equipment and it is necessary to charge its performance to experts of car-care centre.
3. As convergence is called the data size to each other forward edges of wheels of the car. Such infringement of parallelism of installation of wheels allows to minimise deterioration of a protector for the account юза at fulfilment of turns. At zero convergence distance between forward edges of wheels to equally distance between their back edges. Normal convergence usually does not exceed inch shares (1 inch = 2.54 sm). Adjustment of convergence of forward wheels is carried out by updating of length of steering draughts at the expense of change of position of their tips. Infringement of adjustment of convergence conducts to acceleration of deterioration of protectors of tyres for the account проскальзывания them on a road covering.
4. As disorder is called the angle of slope of a plane of wheels concerning a vertical. If wheels are inclined by upper edges outside, disorder is called as positive, and on the contrary. The disorder size is measured in degrees. Correctness of adjustment of disorder defines size and position of a stain of contact of protectors with road and allows to compensate changes in geometry of a suspension bracket during fulfilment of turns and at car movement on a rough road covering. Disorder updating is made by rotation of the special adjusting cams established in a forward and back part of the top levers of a suspension bracket.
5. Выбегом the corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel, i.e., a corner of a deviation from a vertical of an axis of turn of a wheel in a plane of the last is called. If the turn axis is inclined back, выбег is called as positive, and on the contrary. Updating выбега is made simultaneously with disorder updating. By analogy, a cross-section angle of slope of an axis of turn of a wheel name a corner of a deviation imagined шкворня from a vertical in a plane, perpendicular ДП the car.
Check and adjustment of corners of installation of wheels
|1. Estimate degree of deterioration of protectors, check up pressure of a rating of tyres.
2. Make sure that the size of lateral palpation of wheels does not exceed 1.2 mm.
3. Check up adjustment of a pretightness of bearings of forward wheels.
4. Estimate reliability of fastening of components of a forward suspension bracket and a steering drive. Estimate size люфта spherical support.
5. Check up serviceability of a condition of shock-absorbers.
Check and adjustment of disorder and corners of longitudinal and cross-section inclinations of an axis of turn of a wheel
|1. Tyre out the car on the adjusting stand and make measurement listed in heading of subsection of under control parametres (Specifications see).
|2a. If the size of disorder and-or a corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel (выбега) does not correspond to the accepted norms, it is necessary to make corresponding updating by rotation forward...
3. If after performance of adjustment of disorder and выбега the corner of a cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel falls outside the limits an admissible range, it is necessary to check up a condition of a rotary fist and elements of a forward suspension bracket.
|2b.... And-or a back adjusting cam of the bottom lever of a suspension bracket (address to accompanying illustrations).
Check and adjustment of convergence of forward wheels
|1. Shake the car on purpose усадки suspension bracket elements.
2. Establish forward wheels in rectilinear position and прокатите the car forward approximately on 5 metres.
|3. Note the central points of the back parties of protectors and measure distance between them () (address to an accompanying illustration).
5. The convergence size is defined by subtraction from result of the first measurement result of the second (In–). Compare the received difference to requirements of Specifications.
|4. Прокатите the car forward so that the put down labels have moved on height of an axis of a wheel, but from the forward party of the last and make similar previous the measurement () (address to an accompanying illustration).
6. In case of need ослабьте nuts of coupling collars of tips of steering draughts and in appropriate way correct length of the last. Track, that after end of updating of length of draughts remained equal each other.