Toyota Land Cruiser 100 / Amazon, Lexus LX 470
Since 1997 of release
Repair and car operation
Tojota Lend Kruzer, Amazon, Leksus LX470
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Controls and receptions of safe operation of the car
- Options and car routine maintenance
The routine maintenance schedule
The general data on options and adjustments
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating
Check of level of working liquid АТ
Check of level of a liquid of the hydraulic booster of a wheel
Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
Check, service and accumulator room gymnastics
Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Rotation of wheels
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
Greasing of components of the chassis
Check of a condition of components of system of release of the fulfilled gases
Check of level of greasing in a distributing box
Check of level of greasing of differential
Check of a condition of seat belts
Check and adjustment of turns of idling
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation картера (PCV)
Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner
Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement приводных belts
Check of a condition of components of the power supply system
Check of brake system
Adjustment of height of position and free wheeling of a pedal of a brake
Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs (petrol engines)
Check and adjustment of backlashes of valves
Replacement of the fuel filter
Check and service of the conditioner of air (К/В)
Service of system of cooling
Condition check, stuffing by greasing and adjustment of forward naves and wheel bearings
Replacement ATF of automatic transmission and the main transfer
Replacement of greasing of a distributing box
Replacement of greasing of differential
Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
Check of serviceability of a condition of components of system рециркуляции the fulfilled gases (EGR)
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Gear change box
+ Transmissionnaja line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Check of levels of liquids
Various liquids play a role of working bodies in systems of greasing, cooling, braking, heating and an air conditioning, washing of glasses etc. Whereas all liquids are subject eventually разжижению and development, and also during normal functioning of systems gradually become soiled, it is necessary to make their full replacement periodically. Before to start updating of level or replacement, familiarise with the list recommended to use in the car of grades of liquids (Specifications to the present Chapter see).
Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, passed in directing tube and lowered in the engine to the bottom point of its pallet картера. The site measuring щупа is shown on illustrations in Options and car routine maintenance.
Check of level of oil should be made before the trip first in a present day, or after nearby 15 minutes after an engine stop. If to execute check immediately after engine deenergizing, its results will adequately not reflect a situation as the oil part will appear distributed on internal galleries and engine components.
Check of level of impellent oil is the important preventive procedure of service of the engine.
Constant decrease in level testifies to presence of leaks of oil as a result of failure of epiploons, damage of sealing linings, deterioration of piston rings or directing plugs of valves. If oil on colour or a consistence reminds milk, or at it there are water drops, it speaks about possible damage of a lining of a head of cylinders, or formation of cracks to a head body (ок) or the block of cylinders. Check should be made immediately. During measurement of level of oil always check also its condition. Big and index fingers remove from an edge щупа oil traces, – in case of presence at it of small metal particles oil is subject to replacement (the Section Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter see).
Cooling liquid of the engine
All models of cars described in the present Management are equipped by system of cooling of the compensatory type, working at superfluous pressure. The broad tank of system of cooling made of translucent plastic is located in a forward part of an impellent compartment (address to illustrations in Options and car routine maintenance) and connected переливным by a hose to the basis of a jellied mouth of a radiator. At engine warming up the cooling liquid extends, and its surplus flows through the valve which has been built in in a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, in a broad tank. In process of cooling, the liquid comes back on a hose back in a radiator that allows to support constantly in norm its level in system.
Level of a cooling liquid in a broad tank is checked on a regular basis and should be supported between marks FULL and LOW, put on a stack of the tank made of translucent plastic. It is necessary to remember that level of a cooling liquid depends on its temperature, therefore it should be in a cold condition only hardly above bottom (LOW), and after engine warming up – одниматься to mark FULL. In case of need make corresponding updating, having added in a tank through a mouth demanded quantity of a fresh mix.
Constant falling of level of a cooling liquid usually testifies to development of leaks in system. Check up on presence of traces of leaks a radiator, connecting hoses and their collars, a cover of a jellied mouth, a lining of a cover of a radiator, drain stoppers and the case of the water pump. If it is not possible to reveal any signs of leaks, it is necessary to make check of a cover of a radiator by pressure in the conditions of a car-care centre workshop.
In need of removal of a cover of a radiator wait full cooling of the engine, then wind a mouth with a thick layer of rags and slowly turn away a cover to the first emphasis. If thus there is steam emission, allow to the engine to cool down a little more, only after that definitively uncover.
Besides level always check also a condition of a cooling liquid, – it should be concerning transparent. If the cooling liquid is painted in krasnovato-brown colour of a rust, the cooling system should be emptied, washed out and filled by a fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Even if the liquid outwardly is not exposed to any changes, entering into its structure ингибиторы corrosion eventually are exposed to the development, therefore the cooling liquid should be replaced regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (see Has undressed the routine maintenance Schedule).
Try not to suppose antifreeze hit on open sites of a skin or the painted surfaces кузовных components. Casual splashes immediately wash off a plentiful quantity of water.
Liquid for windscreen washing
The liquid for windscreen washing is filled in in the special tank made of plastic located in a forward part of an impellent compartment of the car (address to illustrations in Options and car routine maintenance). Some models are equipped also by systems of washing of back glass and the head headlights which are a component of system of washing of a windscreen. In regions with a temperate climate as a liquid for glass washing pure water can be used, however it is not necessary to fill the tank more than on 2/3 for the purpose of indemnification of expansion of water at its freezing during frosts. At car operation in severe environmental conditions it is necessary to fill in in the tank only патентованные the screen wipers providing corresponding decrease of a freezing point of a liquid. In avoidance обмерзания glasses at washing in cold weather preliminary warm up its way обдува passed through the heat exchanger of a heater air.
Electrolit of the storage battery
Cars considered in the present Management are completed by the battery of tight type not requiring service in which case only ventilating apertures are provided.
If while in service a vehicle the battery for any reason has been replaced on usual (served), once a month follows not less often, than, to check electrolit level in its banks for what it is necessary to remove the top control/jellied stoppers. Especially attentively it is necessary to watch electrolit level in a warm season. For updating of level of electrolit it is necessary to use only the distilled water.
Working liquid of brake system
The main brake cylinder (ГТЦ) is fixed on the block of the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes (address to illustrations in Options and car routine maintenance).