Tojota Lend Kruzer, Amazon, Leksus LX470
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Controls and receptions of safe operation of the car
- Options and car routine maintenance
The routine maintenance schedule
The general data on options and adjustments
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating
Check of level of working liquid АТ
Check of level of a liquid of the hydraulic booster of a wheel
Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
Check, service and accumulator room gymnastics
Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Rotation of wheels
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
Greasing of components of the chassis
Check of a condition of components of system of release of the fulfilled gases
Check of level of greasing in a distributing box
Check of level of greasing of differential
Check of a condition of seat belts
Check and adjustment of turns of idling
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation картера (PCV)
Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner
Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement приводных belts
Check of a condition of components of the power supply system
Check of brake system
Adjustment of height of position and free wheeling of a pedal of a brake
Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs (petrol engines)
Check and adjustment of backlashes of valves
Replacement of the fuel filter
Check and service of the conditioner of air (К/В)
Service of system of cooling
Condition check, stuffing by greasing and adjustment of forward naves and wheel bearings
Replacement ATF of automatic transmission and the main transfer
Replacement of greasing of a distributing box
Replacement of greasing of differential
Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
Check of serviceability of a condition of components of system рециркуляции the fulfilled gases (EGR)
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Gear change box
+ Transmissionnaja line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
Regular and frequent enough performance of replacement of impellent oil is one of the basic procedures of preventive maintenance of the car, lying within qualification of the average mechanic-fan. Eventually impellent oil is subject to ageing that is shown in gradual it разжижении and pollution, leaders to premature deterioration of internal components of the engine. In spite of the fact that separate sources recommend to make replacement of the oil filter only at every second change of impellent oil, composers of the present Management consider that in view of relative insignificance of cost of a replaceable component and importance of influence of its condition on serviceability of functioning of the engine and efficiency of its return, it makes sense to change the filter each time at oil replacement.
The tooling, necessary for replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
|1. Make sure available near at hand all materials and the tools necessary for performance of replacement of oil and the oil filter (address to an illustration above). Prepare also enough of rags and old newspapers for gathering of traces of the spilt oil.
2. For the purpose of maintenance of an easy approach to the pallet картера and to the oil filter lift the car лебедкой, tyre out it on a platform, or поддомкратьте and establish on props.
At all do not carry out any works under the car which has been propped up only under a bumper or kept in lifted position only by a jack!
4. Make sure of horizontal position of an arrangement of the car on props/lifts. Warm up the engine to normal working temperature, hot oil possesses большей fluidity and is better washes away шлам and deposits. Use the compelled idle time to spread out in a convenient order all necessary tools and materials. Muffle the engine and uncover a jellied mouth of impellent oil (address to accompanying illustrations in Options and car routine maintenance).
||3. Get under the car and familiarise with an arrangement of a drain stopper of the pallet картера and the oil filter (address to an accompanying illustration). Remember that the power unit and components of system of release of the fulfilled gases during all time of performance of procedure will remain hot enough, think over the scheme of safe manipulations with hands to avoid casual contact with разогретыми surfaces.
5. Make sure of reliability of fixing of the car in the lifted position.
6. Being careful (paragraph 3 see), get under the car and establish drain capacity under the pallet картера with that calculation that during the first moment the stream will follow through an aperture with a decent pressure. Trying not to touch to разогретым to surfaces of the power unit and components of system of release of the fulfilled gases, turn out a drain stopper from the bottom part of the pallet картера. Depending on oil temperature, at a final stage of a reversing of a stopper it is possible to take advantage of rubber gloves, or to refuse them.
7. Allow oil to flow down free in capacity, in appropriate way correcting position of last in process of weakening of a pressure of a stream. Check up presence in the merged oil of metal sawdust.
8. After oil will stop to follow from картера the engine, carefully wipe a drain stopper pure rags, to it can подлипнуть small metal sawdust which will immediately lead to pollution of fresh oil.
9. Wipe a surface of the pallet round a drain aperture, screw a stopper into place and tighten it with demanded effort.
10. Move drain capacity under the oil filter.
||11a. By means of one of types of special keys (address to an illustration in the beginning of the given Section) ослабьте the filter (address to accompanying illustrations). In the course of a reversing the filter case can appear is damaged that has no special value in case of its unequivocal replacement (the old filter for a reversing can be pierced simply the big screw-driver, prepare for gathering of spilt oil).
12. Pure rags carefully wipe a landing surface of the filter on the block. Once again make sure that the old lining did not remain on the engine, in case of need take advantage of a scraper.
||11b. Manually definitively turn out the filter from the block, remember that in it any quantity of oil which should be let out in drain capacity continues to remain. Make sure that the rubber sealing lining has acted in film together with the filter if is not present, accurately separate it from a surface of the block of the engine.
13. Make sure that the new filter corresponds on a standard size removed from the car. Grease a rubber sealing lining of the new filter with a thin layer of pure impellent oil and screw the new filter in the engine, adhering specified by an arrow on its case of a direction of rotation. In order to avoid damage of a lining do not apply to a tightening of the oil filter any keys. After the filter will nestle a lining on a block surface, hold on it on 3/4 turns.
14. Take from under the car all tools and materials try not to overturn drain capacity. Lower the car on the earth.
15. Uncover a jellied mouth of impellent oil and fill in in it fresh oil – for the purpose of minimisation of losses take advantage of a funnel. For a gulf about 2.8 l, wait for some minutes, having allowed oil to flow down in the pallet, then check up its level on measuring щупу (the Section Check of levels of liquids see). If level is above the bottom mark, start the engine, having provided circulation of fresh oil.
16. Having allowed to the engine to work within nearby minute, again muffle it and at once glance under the car, checking, whether there are no leaks through a drain stopper and полнопоточный the filter. In case of need tighten a component supposing leak a little.
17. During oil circulation on the engine (about 1 minute), there is a filling of the new oil filter. Now it is necessary to check up again level of oil and in case of need to add still its some quantity, having finished level to the top mark in an edge щупа (check make after some minutes after engine deenergizing, – oil should have time to flow down completely in the pallet картера).
During first several trips after change of impellent oil try as it is possible to check its level is more often.
The fulfilled butter churned from the engine is not subject to the secondary use and should be handed over on special place of acceptance. At all do not merge working off on the earth or in the water drain – pour it in tightly closed container and at the first possibility hand over.